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高考26种基本句型

发布时间:2015-02-09 11:01:28 本文已读 0

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句型1:

It is likely that…

sb/ sth is likely that …

1. He is likely to go home.

2. It is likely that he is at home.


1. 那里的农民有可能在不久的将来过上好日子.

The farmers living there are likely to live a better life in the near future

2. 人类有可能登上其它星球.

It is likely that man sets foot on the other planets.

3.  从他的表情判断, 他很可能已经知道了事情的真相.

Judging by his looks, he is likely to have known the truth of that case.



句型2: What surprises / delights/ shocks/ touches/ terrifies/ excites  sb. most is that ……

What moved us most was that Beijing succeeded in bidding for the 2008 Olympic Games.

What delighted them most was that they had got several tickets for that exciting football match.

1. 使我们高兴的是实验成功了.

What delighted us most was that the experiment worked out well.

2. 使我不解的是他在第二天早晨不辞而别.

What surprised me was that he left the next morning without saying good bye to me.



句型3:  It is reported/ hoped/ believed/ said/ thought/ supposed/ considered/ announced / known to all  that

1. 人们相信人类和动物会和睦相处, 并成为朋友.

It is believed that humans and animals will get along well with each other and become good friends.

2. 人们认为孩子们应该多参加社会活动,学会与人合作.

It is supposed that children ought to take part in more social activities as often as possible so as to learn how to communicate and get on well with others.

3. 我们希望, 通过参与活动,能让孩子们了解社会和开拓视野.

It is hoped that by taking part in social activities, the children will know more about the society and broaden their views.



句型4: …. , thus doing …

…. , only doing …

1. The big fire spread quickly from house to house, thus destroying all the houses along the street.

2. He stayed in that town for nearly a year, only getting used to the food there.

1. 那些村民砍伐了村子周围的树木, 结果使土地沙漠化了.

Those villagers cut down the trees around the village thus making the fields sandy.

2. 大量的有毒气体进入空中, 结果污染了空气.

A large amount of poisonous gases were poured into the sky, thus polluting the air seriously.

3. 他在考试时作弊, 结果是惩罚了自己.

He cheated in the examination, thus punishing himself.



句型5: …so …that   …such …that …   … too … to…

1. 听到被北大录取的消息, 她兴奋得难以入眠.

Hearing the news that she was admitted into Beijing University, she was too excited to go to sleep.

On hearing the news that she was accepted by Beijing University, she was so excited that she couldn’t fall asleep.

When she heard the news that she would be a student of Beijing University, she had the least desire to sleep.

2. 道德教育非常重要, 很多学校都很重视.

Moral lessons are so important that quite a lot of schools lay stress on them.

3. 世界之大, 无奇不有.

The world is so large that everything could happen.



句型6: …was about to do … when …

… was doing … when …

… had just/hardly done …when…

1. 他正要去开门, 爸爸制止了他.

He was about to open the door when his father stopped him.

2. 一家人正在观看新闻, 这时,来了一位不速之客.

The family was watching the news on TV when an unexpected visitor came in.

3. 探险队刚出发, 大雨就倾盆而下.

The exploring team had just started off when a heavy rain poured down.



句型7.  Such is…

1. Such is my motherland, which is rich in a large quantity of natural resources.

2. Such is my father, a simple man with great achievement.

1. 这就是我想告诉你的.

Such is what I want to tell you.

2. 中华民族是一个勤劳,勇敢,说到做到的民族.

The Chinese is a nation, one that is hard-working, brave and means what it says.

Such are the Chinese, a nation that is hard-working, brave and means what it says.

3. 这个孩子就是这样一个热心肠的人,总是乐于助人.

Such is the boy, a warm-hearted child who is always ready to help others.



句型8. It occurs to sb. that …

1. It occurred to me that I had ever seen her before.

2. It occurred to him that he had left the keys in the bedroom.

1. 我突然想起应该向民警求助.

It occurred to me that I should go to the policeman to ask for help.

2. 他们突然想起几年前发生的一件怪事.

It occurred to them that there was a strange thing that had happened several years before.

3. 一看到她, 我突然想起要告诉她前几天有个陌生人来找过她.

No sooner had I seen her than it occurred to  me that I should tell her a stranger had asked for her the other day.



句型9. It is up to sb. to do…

1. It is up to you to look after the pet dog while I am out on business.

2. It is up to the monitor to manage the affairs of our class when the teacher goes out to attend meetings.

1. 当我外出时, 由你来照看家里的一切.

When I am ways on business, it is up to you to attend to everything of the house.



句型10. There is no doubt that …/ about…

1. 没有必要在这里等这么久,因为这是毫无用处的.

There is no need to wait here so long, for it is in vain to do so.

There is no point in waiting for so long, for we won’t have any result.

2. 火星上不可能有生物的存在

There is no possibility that the living things exist on Mars.

Living things are unlikely to exist on Mars.

3. 我国的航天技术处于世界先进水平是毫无疑问的.

There is no doubt that China’s technology of exploring space ranks the top of the world.

4. 发火是没有用的.

There is no point in getting angry.



句型11  …..need / require/ want/ deserve doing..

…be (well) worth doing…

1. The film is well worth seeing.

2. The house wants repairing at once.

The room deserves cleaning.


1. 这个房间需要粉刷一下.

The room requires painting.

2. 他值得夸奖.

He is worth praising.

3. 这本书需要修补.

The book wants mending.



句型12.   How did you come to do..?

How come (that)..?


1. How did you come to find out where she is living?

How come that you found out where she is living?

2. How did you come to be so stupid?

How come that you were so stupid?


1. 你怎么会愚蠢到去做这样的事呢?

How did you come to be so foolish as to do such a thing?

2. 为什么会出现这么多的问题呢?

How come that so many problems came up one after another?



句型13 …think/ believe/ feel/make/ find/+ it + adj./n.+ (for sb.) to do…/ that…

1. 我认为保护环境是每个人的责任

I think it a responsibility for everyone to protect the environment.

2. 人们认为,采取强有力的措施来禁毒是非常重要的.

People believe it of great importance to take strong measures to put the ban to drugs.

3. 良好的学习氛围使我们能够更好地学习.

The good atmosphere of study makes it possible for us to learn well.

4. 有些人把猎杀动物当成了挣钱的手段.

Some people make it a means of making money to kill wild animals.

5. 我认为,掌握至少一门外语是必须的.

I think it a must for us to master at least one foreign language.




句型14. Generally speaking…./ Honestly speaking…/ Frankly speaking..

Supposing/Considering../Speaking of/Judging from/by..


1. 说到教育,我认为每个人都有受教育的权利.

Speaking of education, I think everyone has the right to be educated/ receive education.

2. 考虑到我们完成任务有困难,他主动提出过来帮忙.

Considering we might have difficulty in getting through the task, he offered to come around and lend us a hand.

3. 从外表来看, 他与其他人并没有很大的区别.

Judging by his appearance, there is not much difference between him and other people.



句型15.    The +比较级…, the +比较级…

1. The sooner, the better.

2. The more knowledge we learn, the more intelligent we will be.


1. 你的词汇量越大,你的阅读速度就越快.

The larger your vocabulary is, the faster your reading speed will be.

2. 越是常锻炼身体的人越是健康.

The more exercise people take, the healthier they will be.

3. 我们越经常帮助别人,我们的收获就越多.

The more often we help others, the more we’ll obtain.



句型16  No sooner…than / Hardly …when

the moment / the minute/ second

1. 那本书一问世.就引起了广泛的关注.

No sooner had the book come out than it drew the worldwide attention.

2. 这个问题一提出,就引起了争论.

Directly the problem was raised, there was a debate/ an argument among people.

3. 他刚坐下,门铃就又响了起来

He had hardly sat down when the doorbell rang once more.

4. 一打开邮箱,他就看到了那封盼望已久的来信.

Hardly had he opened the mail box when he saw the letter that he had been longing for.



句型17.    Not until / Seldom/ Never / At no time/ By no time/ In no time Hardly…

1. Not until he came home did he know what had happened.

2. Seldom does she go to the supermarket.

1. 她不经常去图书馆借书.

Seldom does she go to the library to borrow books.

2. 直到采取了有效措施,这种状况才得到了缓解

Not until effective measures had been taken was the situation brought back under control.

3. 他绝不会对妈妈说那么粗鲁的话.

At no time does he say such rude words to his mother.

4. 我将永远不会忘记在那个岛上的可怕经历.

Never shall I forget the terrible experience on that island.



句型18.  It will be …before../ It was…before / It wasn’t …before

1. It will be a month before the novel comes out.

2. It was quite a few days before he got well.

3. It won’t be long before the dam is completed.


1. 将近一年以后他才还完债务.

It was nearly one year before he paid off all his debts

2. 没过多久他就离开了家乡.

It wasn’t long before he left his hometown.

3. 两周以后他们要到云南去度假.

It will be two weeks before they start off for Yunnan for their holiday.




句型19….with…doing/ done/ to do/ adj./adv./介词短语

1. 由于身无分文, 他只得沿街乞讨.

With no money on him , he had to beg from house to house/ from door to door.

2. 他羞愧地看着我, 眼里含着泪水.

He looked at me shamefully, with tears in his eyes.

3. 随着电子工业的迅速发展,手机已经越来越普及了.

With the electronic industry developing very fast, mobile phones are becoming more and more popular with / among people.

4. 随着人口的不断增长,环保问题也越来越重要.

With the population growing rapidly, the problem of environmental protection is becoming more and more important.



句型20. No matter who/ how/ what/when…==Whoever / however/ whatever/ whenever..

1. No matter what happens, we shall not lose hope.

2. No matter how I explained it, she still didn’t understand what I meant.


1. 无论有多大的困难,我们都不会放弃.

Whatever great difficulty there is, we won’t give in.

No matter how great the difficulty is, we won’t lose hope.

2. 无论你说什么我都不会相信,因为你总是撒谎

No matter what you say, I can hardly believe you, for you are always telling lies.



句型21.  It is high/ about time to do

It is high/ about time for sb to do

It is high/ about time (that)…did

It is high/ about time (that)… should


1. 是我们都认识到这一严重问题的时候了.

It is high time for all of us to realize such a serious problem.

2. 是让我们的孩子学会尊重他人, 并与他人和睦相处的时候了.

It is about time to make our children learn to respect and get along well with others.



句型22…. not only…but also    Only when../ Only in this way..../ Only by this means…/ Only by doing…

1. 我们不仅应该努力学好英语,而且应该尽量多地运用英语与外国人交流.

Not only should we try to learn English well but also use it to communicate with foreigners as often as possible.

2. 通过参加各类社会团体, 他们不仅增长了知识,开拓了眼界,而且改善了人际关系, 学会了合作.

By means of joining all kinds of social communities, not only their minds but also they have improved their interpersonal skills and learnt how to work with others successfully.

3. 只有通过不断地运用,你才能真正掌握一门外语.

Only by using it again and again, can you really master a foreign language.



句型23 ….in case that…

…in case of…

1. In case that John comes, please tell him to wait.

2. In case of fire, what shall we do?


1. 村民们已安全地方,以防地震.

The villagers have been moved to the safe places in case of the earthquakes.

2. 万一我忘了,请提醒我

Please remind me in case that I forget.

3. 你最好带上钥匙,以防我不在家.

You’d better take the keys in case that I’m out.



句型24….  (in the place) where…

1. This plants likes to grow where it is warm.

2. This plant likes to grow in the place where it is warm.


1. 请你在不懂的地方做记号,以便请教老师.

Please make marks where you don’t understand so that you might ask the teachers for help.


2. 在空气稀薄的地方呼吸很困难.

In the places where there is less air, we will find it very difficult to breathe.


3. 在交通发达的地方出行会很方便.

Travels will be a fairly convenient where the transportation has developed a lot.



句型25. It is necessary/ important/ that ….(should) do..

It is strange/ surprising/ a pity/ natural/ a great waste that…(should) do..

1. 随着社会的发展, 我们有必要学会英语和操作电脑.

With the society developing very fast, it’s quite necessary that we should learn English as well as how to operate the computer.

2. 令人惊讶的是, 预言和事实竟然完全巧合.

It is quite a surprise that the prophecy should coincide with the fact so exactly.

3. 使用一次性木筷是极大的浪费.

It is a great waste that people should use the wooden sticks that are used only once while they are eating.

4. 令人不可思议的是她居然不辞而别.

It is quite surprising that she should leave without telling anyone.




句型26….suggest/ demand/ require/ propose/ order/ request/ advise/ insist/…(should) do

1. My mother insisted that I (should) take the English courses.

2. He suggested that the article be carried in today’s newspaper.

3. It is required that all the students (should) do sports after school.

4. The policeman ordered the criminal empty his pockets.


1. 老师建议我们要大量阅读英文原著

Our teacher often advises that we should read as much original English as possible.


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