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通过联想学英语

发布时间:2014-08-24 02:35:58 本文已读 0

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现在看看下列 8 组字,如何凑在一起:

⒈下列 6 个动词的共同意思是“伤害”或“破坏”:

damage, harm, hurt, impair, injure, mar

⒉下列 6 个动词的共同意思是“减少”:

decrease, lessen, diminish, reduce, abate, dwindle

⒊下列 6 个名词的中心意思是“武装叛变”:

rebellion, revolution, uprising, revolt, mutiny, insurrection

⒋下列 7 个名词都含有“边缘”之意:  edge, brink, brim, rim, verge, border, margin

⒌下列 7 个名词都含有“ 路”之意:  way, road , path , route, passage, street, aveune

⒍下列 7 个形容词都含有“著名”之意:   famous, renowned, celebrated, noted, distinguished, eminent, illustrious

⒎下列 7 个形容词都含有“快速”之意:

fast, rapid, swift, quick, speedy, hasty, expeditious

⒏下列 9 个动词含“胜过”或“克服”之意:

conquer, defeat, vanquish, overcome, beat, rout, surmount, subdue, overthrow

上述 8 组字,每组都有个中心意思。在学习词汇时,若能将意思有关联的字词或习语摆在一起,通过联想来记忆,不但轻松而且还很有效。必须注意的是,虽然几个字有共同的意思,但是每个字在句子中的用法,难免会有些差别,不可不察。

现在举个和“laugh”(笑)有关的动词,来说明这点。

① the president smiled(微笑) as he went past the crowd。

② his joke made us laugh(发笑)。

③ the spectators jeered(嘲笑) when their team was defeated。

④ the audience roared with rage(暴笑如雷)。

⑤ if you tease(揶揄) her again, she will get angry。

⑥ the pupils giggled(格格地笑) on seeing the teacher fall down。

⑦ the crowd booed(喝倒采) when the referee made a mistake。

⑧ the listeners hooted(轻蔑地叫喊) at the ignorant speaker。

⑨ irene sat at a corner, chuckling(轻声暗笑) to herself。

⑩the naughty girl grinned(露齿而笑) in response to her mother‘s question

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